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Voting is about collecting the preferences of a population to determine a policy, representative, law, etc. There are many ways to collect votes, many algorithms for calculating a winner using a given ballot format, and many ways to group votes in elections that will affect large areas of people.
1. Choose one candidate
2. Rank candidates in order of preference
3. Approve or decline each candidate
Single candidate choice is broadly referred to as First Past The Post voting, where the candidate with the plurality (i.e. more than any other candidate, but not necessarily over 50%) wins. Different governments have different ways of processing all the votes in their constituency, such as the Electoral College in the United States.
Some methods for calculating winners using ranked choice voting:
2. Borda Count
4. Single Transferable Vote
5. Meek STV
6. Multiple rounds of voting that combine the above methods
The election system that people use can yield one winner, a defined number of winners, or a variable number of winners. Voting can also be used outside power hierarchy systems (like "the state") to simply display the collective preferences of a people, though this is usually called polling rather than electing. Polling science explores how ballot format and the way questions are asked affect people's voting. Social choice theory explores facets of fairness and other dimensions of translating many individual opinions into an outcome that affects a group of people.
Depending on how an election is structured, a given voting method may or may not violate the fairness criteria. People have already put a great deal of thought into how each method plays out in different circumstances, so if you are choosing an election strategy there are some helpful analyses out there to figure out what will be fair in the circumstance you're working with.
The Magnova community says the following issues give rise to Identify Best Ranked-Choice Voting System. Addressing this issue could be accomplished by dealing with the following sub-issues. (Registered users can upvote/downvote these connections.)
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